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Energy consumption paper recycling

Recovering and recycling paper has saved energy - Today in

Recycling one ton of paper would: Save enough energy to power the average American home for six months. Save 7,000 gallons of water. Save 3.3 cubic yards of landfill space Making a product from recycled materials almost always requires less energy than is required to make the product from new materials. For example, using recycled aluminum cans to make new aluminum cans uses 95% less energy than using bauxite ore, the raw material aluminum is made from. Recycling paper saves trees and water Each ton (2000 pounds) of recycled paper can save 17 trees, 380 gallons of oil, three cubic yards of landfill space, 4000 kilowatts of energy, and 7000 gallons of water. This represents a 64% energy savings, a 58% water savings, and 60 pounds less of air pollution

Paper Recycling - Clean Energy Idea

  1. Overview. EPA measures the generation, recycling, composting, combustion with energy recovery and landfilling of paper and paperboard products. EPA used statistics from the American Forest & Paper Association (AF&PA) to estimate post-consumer paper and paperboard generation in 2018
  2. The paper production from the recycled fibers consumes less energy; conserves the natural resources viz. wood and decreases the environmental pollution. The conflict between economic optimization and environmental protection has received wide attention in recent research programs for waste management system planning
  3. Comparative study on the total energy use of products consumption Recycling Household consumption Landfill MSW incineration RDF co-incineration Wh/F Wi/F (1-G*(1-M))/F G*(1-M)/F Wi*Ci/F recycling paper Product Use Virgin production Industrial application landfill incineratio
  4. Paper recycling yields many eco-friendly and environmental benefits: Paper recycling saves space in landfills. Reduces water and energy consumption. Compared to virgin paper, this results in 28% to 70% less energy consumption
  5. istration claims a 40% reduction in energy when paper is recycled versus paper made with unrecycled pulp, while the Bureau of International Recycling (BIR) claims a 64% reduction
  6. Paper • A batch of paper can be recycled ~6 times • Recycling paper doesn't save trees, but does have ecological benefits • Most of the energy used to make virgin paper goes into pulping wood o Producing recycled paper uses 28-70% less energy and releases 95% less air pollution • Recycled paper is usually not rebleached (or uses H 2 O 2

Paper Waste Reduction Sustainability University of

Does It Take More Energy to Produce Recycled Paper

Extracting and processing raw resources (wood, oil, ore) to make usable materials (paper, plastic, metal) requires a lot of energy. Recycling often saves energy because the products being recycled usually require much less processing to turn them into usable materials. Exactly how much energy is saved depends on the material in question. Let's take two examples: glass an Recycling 1 ton of paper saves around 682.5 gallons of oil, 26,500 liters of water and 17 trees. Packaging makes up 1/3 or more of our trash. U.S offices use 12.1 trillion sheets of paper a year. Paper accounts for 25% of landfill waste and 33% of municipal waste

Paper recycling must be powered by renewables to save climat

The pulp and paper industry comprises companies that use wood as raw material and produce pulp, paper, board and other cellulose-based products. The leading countries in pulp and pulp industry are North American (United States and Canada), northern European (Finland, Sweden, and North-West Russia) and East Asian countries (such as East Siberian Russia, China, Japan, and South Korea) Table footnotes continued from Gunn and Hannon, Energy conservation and recycling in the paper industry, Resources Energy, 5 (1983) 245 and Table 4, p. 251. eTellus Institute, CSG/Tellus Packaging Study, Report # 2: Inventory of Material and Energy Use and Air and Water Emissions from the Production of Packaging Materials, prepared for The. Manufacturing recycled paper uses only 60% of the energy needed to produce paper from fresh pulp - and saves thousands of trees in the process. Paper is another consistently recycled material in the United States Compared with virgin paper, producing recycled paper involves between 28% and 70% less energy consumption. Also, less water is used. This is because most of the energy used in papermaking is the pulping needed to turn wood into paper

Recycling one ton of paper can save 17 trees, 7,000 gallons of water, 380 gallons of oil, 3.3 cubic yards of landfill space and 4,000 kilowatts of energy — enough to power the average U.S. home. Recycling one ton of office paper can save the energy equivalent of consuming 322 gallons of gasoline. Recycling just one ton of aluminum cans conserves more than 152 million Btu, the equivalent of 1,024 gallons of gasoline or 21 barrels of oil consumed It almost always takes less energy to make a product from recycled material than it does to make it from new material. By using materials more than once we can save natural resources. Recycling paper saves trees and water. Recycling creates more jobs. Recycling aluminium cans saves 95 % of the energy we need to produce aluminium from bauxite

Recycled paper requires 26% less energy to produce. Moving one million tons of virgin fiber paper to recycled paper in the magazine industry is the equivalent of powering 216,000 homes with electricity for an entire year. Production of the recycled paper creates 43% less waste water How much energy does recycling save? Paper comes from trees, metals from certain rocks and ores, glass from sand and plastic from oil. Recycling of these items means saving energy, fuel, labor, cost and time which otherwise is extensive in the manufacturing of virgin products

Basic Information Details Paper Recycling US EP

Paper bags or plastic bags: the conclusion Both paper and plastic bags require lots and lots of resources and energy, and proper recycling requires due diligence from both consumer and municipal waste collector or private recycling company, so there are a lot of variables that can lead to low recycling rates Paper recycling reuses a renewable resource that sequesters carbon and helps reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Greenhouse gas reductions result from avoided methane emissions. In addition, recovering paper extends the fiber supply. Paper recovery is an environmental success story. Recovered fiber markets are complex, efficient, and dynamic and.

Recycling and energy - U

Each year, over 400 million metric tons of paper and cardboard is produced globally, with over half of production originating from China, the United States, and Japan [1].In 2016, Americans alone consumed 70 million metric tons of paper a year, or approximately 514 pounds per person [2].. The United Kingdom's maximum consumption rate of nearly 13 million metric tons was reached in year 2000. The environmental impact of paper is significant, which has led to changes in industry and behaviour at both business and personal levels. With the use of modern technology such as the printing press and the highly mechanized harvesting of wood, disposable paper became a relatively cheap commodity, which led to a high level of consumption and waste.The rise in global environmental issues such.

Recycled paper can be used to create newsprint, tissue, boxboard, containerboard, and other paper products. By producing a ton of paper from recycled materials, energy consumption is cut in half and 17 trees are saved. To learn more about this topic, read our paper recycling section. Plastic recycling facts and statistics Recycling prevents waste from going into oceans - it is proven, when there is a strong recycling culture, there is less litter and less waste going into ocean Protects forests which help to reduce CO2 emissions. Significantly reduces use of fossil fuel energy and reduces CO2 emissions Additional facts to know

Paper Recycling Facts - University of Southern Indian

  1. DK, 2019. Includes experiments and activities. A wide-ranging look at the interlinked problems of waste, pollution, dwindling resources, and energy use. 72 pages for ages 6-9. Recycling by Charlotte Wilcox. Lerner Publishing, 2008. Lots of impressive facts and statistics mixed in with clear text
  2. Purchasing products made from recycled materials, such as paper, plastics, and metal, instead of virgin materials also helps to reduce energy consumption. In addition, waste prevention and recycling paper products allows more trees to remain standing, where they can continue to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere
  3. Similarly, our analysis includes processing of recovered paper at material recovery facilities. Because some recovered paper, especially that from commercial sources, bypasses such intermediate processing and can be delivered directly to the mill, this assumption, too, probably overstates energy use associated with the recycling option
  4. Across the board, the key factor is the energy intensity of extracting virgin materials, which is an order of magnitude higher than that of recovering the same material through recycling
Lubo Commingled STARSCREEN® › Bollegraaf Recycling SolutionsPLASTIC RECYCLING IS A LIE | Sinplástico

Paper and cardboard recycling has been commonplace for decades, and many consumers have come to expect packaging to be made from a high percentage of recycled materials - if not completely. Recycling 1 ton of cardboard requires around 25% less energy than making it from new materials, and up to 50% less water Energy savings - recycling paper. The Department of Energy states that a ton of paper made from recycled fibers conserves 7,000 gallons of water, up to 31 trees, 4,000 KWh of electricity and up to 60 pounds of air pollutants (not including carbon dioxide). Overall, recycling paper uses about 60% less energy than making paper from new materials energy consumption totals are 17.0 x 106 Btu/ton of bottles with no postconsumer recycling, 14.8 x 106 Btu/ton with maximum recycling, and 15.9 x 106 Btu/ton for the current mix of recycling. The total primary energy use decreases as the percent of glass recycled rises, but the maximum energy saved is only about 13% .

Paper and Paperboard: Material-Specific Data Facts and

Paper. Recycling paper not only saves energy but also saves trees, reducing the amount of carbon dioxide present in the atmosphere. The EPA estimates that producing a recycled paper product. Paper. Producing recycled paper requires about 60 percent of the energy used to make paper from virgin wood pulp. Manufacturing one ton of office and computer paper with recycled paper stock can save between 3,000 and 4,000 kilowatt hours over the same ton of paper made with virgin wood products

Video: The Effects of Paper Recycling and its Environmental

That sounds like a lot until you consider that the same number of paper grocery bags use five times that much total energy. A paper grocery bag isn't just made out of trees. Manufacturing 100 million paper bags with one-third post-consumer recycled content requires petroleum energy inputs equivalent to approximately 15,100 barrels of oil plus. Recycling saves non-renewable resources. For example, by not recycling paper, 80% more wood will need to be harvested by 2010 to meet growing paper consumption demands. However, through active paper recycling, only 20% more wood will need to be harvested by 2010. It takes 95% less energy to recycle aluminum than it does to make it from raw. Mixed paper - colored paper, paperboard, used file folders, telephone books. Only in specially provided bulk recycling containers. To obtain the large rolling waste containers for temporary use in or outside a specific office suite contact the Facilities Management Helpdesk at (202) 586-6100 or by e-mailing: FORFacOpsHelpdesk@hq.doe.gov o

Recycling plays its part in the green energy debate by reducing the amount of energy required to manufacture certain products. This reduces greenhouse gas emissions generated by the manufacturing process and lowers global energy consumption. As consumers, you'll be happy to know that you immediately see the impact through lower prices Recycling paper products also encourages afforestation and discourages deforestation. For example, the Amazon forest continues to get demolished in huge magnitudes for the manufacture of paper products. Even with small-scale movements like composting, solar energy consumption, and cut-short of single-use plastics, they will encourage people.

Energy savings from recycling other materials such as aluminium and plastic are in fact far much more than that for paper. Recycling 6 steel cans a week for a year saves enough energy to run at 36-inch television for 225 hours. How much energy is saved depends on the material in question. Look at aluminium for example energy consumption by 90%, according to the United States De-partment of Energy.15 In other words, recycling one aluminum can saves enough energy to power a standard television for three hours.16 Addi tionally, recycling one ton of paper conserves enough energy to power the average American home for 6 months.17 Fur In addition, paper recycling prevents air pollution and electricity consumption. In total, it can reduce pollution by 95% when producing new sheets. It saves valuable landfill space. A ton of paper occupies 3.3 cubic yards when disposed in a landfill. Only in 2014 paper recovery saved approx. 15.5 million cubic yards of landfill space in the US Although new plastic manufacturing can be less expensive than recycling when oil prices are low, the amount of fuel that is consumed through recycling is less. Recycling requires water and energy to prepare existing plastics. 4. It can reduce the pollution potential of a community. Fuel consumption can produce environmental emissions Reduction of Energy In The Manufacture of Goods; When looking at the pros and cons of recycling, this is one benefit we cannot fail to mention. What it means is that the manufacture of recycled products requires less energy in comparison to manufacturing completely new products. This is beneficial both in economic terms, as well as for environmental conservation

List of Disadvantages of Recycling. 1. More pollution and energy consumption. It's contradicting, but the reality is that recycling tons of garbage will require waste to be transported, sorted, cleaned and processed in separate factories, all of which need energy and may result in by-products that can pollute air, water or soil CLIENTS\ACC\KC142527 01.08.14 3860.00.001.005 v Preface This work was conducted for The American Chemistry Council (ACC) and the Canadia

What are Nonrenewable Resources and How Do We Protect Them?

Energy consumption has become the latest flashpoint for cryptocurrency. Critics decry it as an energy hog while proponents hail it for being less intensive than the current global economy. One. Recycling one million cell phones saves 35,000 pounds of copper, 772 pounds of silver, 75 pounds of gold, and 33 pounds of palladium. Additionally, recycling one million laptops saves energy that can power over 3,500 homes in the United States. Paper. Recycling a ton of paper saves about 17 trees and 7,000 gallons of water The consumer is simply finding a secondary use for the product or repeating the primary use. Recycling is the third option in the hierarchy. Glass and plastic are recyclable materials. In addition to reducing the amount of energy needed to recycle, there are other reasons why recycling is important

Which of the following statements about paper recycling is not true? a. Recycling one ton of newspaper can save 100 trees. b. Recycling paper can lead to 74% less air pollution. c. Paper recycling can save on the use of water resources. d. Recycling paper can lead to 35% less water pollution The act of paper-want is putting a heavy burden on Australia's ecological sustainability. In 2007-2008 Clean Up Australia reported that we used 4,250, 000 tonnes of paper and of that we sent 1.9 million tonnes straight to landfill. Every office uses 10,000 sheets of A4 paper on average and 50% of that will end up as garbage top gas recycling have been applied to the blast furnace to improve the energy efficiency and reduce the pollution from the ironmaking process. However, as a new ironmaking technology, the oxygen blast furnace with top gas recycling (TGR-OBF) is still under development. This paper focuses on the investigation of the energy consumption an Here's a recycling fact: Recycling one aluminum can saves enough energy to run a TV for two hours, or a laptop for three hours or light a 100-watt bulb for 20 hours. The Benefits of Recycling When we choose to recycle things like paper, cardboard, glass and plastic, we're sending less material to the landfill

Other major cities watched closely to see how New York City was faring with its scaled-back program (the city never discontinued paper recycling), ready to perhaps jump on the bandwagon.But in the meantime, New York City closed its last landfill, and private out-of-state landfills raised prices due to the increased workload of hauling away and disposing of New York's trash Recycling saves energy. Recycling saves energy, as the manufacturer does not need to take and consume the first natural resource to create a product. Using recycled production materials contributes to reducing energy consumption, which lowers the cost of production. Recycling protects natural resources as well as wildlife Manufacturers benefit from recycling in several ways—it reduces emissions and consumption of raw materials, extends the life of plant equipment, such as furnaces, and saves energy. Recycling 1,000 tons of glass creates slightly over 8 jobs. (Source: Container Recycling Institute)

While Germany's recycling and waste management program has continued to grow, they have also successfully transitioned a large portion of their electricity consumption to renewable energy. Germany's renewable energy sources consist of solar, wind, biomass and hydro, with wind producing the greatest amount of the four The global feedstock hydrogen consumption of thermochemical CO2 recycling pathways is 30-100 Mt/yr for each pathway (Figure 8c), comparable to the current global hydrogen consumption of 70 Mt/yr. Similar to electricity, this hydrogen demand must be supplied by low-carbon sources for CO2 recycling to abate emissions This paper involves data from various sources, including energy consumption data from China Statistic Yearbooks (National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), 2013-2019) ; the data of output value and investment in fixed assets and R&D expenditure from China Statistical Yearbook on Auto Industry ; and thermal energy consumption from. Recycling paper reduces the demand for trees and so fewer will be planted. And although recycling paper requires 40 per cent less energy than making it from scratch, modern paper mills normally generate their energy from burning waste wood whereas recycling plants often rely on electricity from fossil fuels

How to Recycle Paper at Home - Recycling

Inefficient recycling: The process of recycling paper can be inefficient -- often consuming more fuel than it would take to make a new bag [source: Milstein]. In addition, it takes about 91 percent more energy to recycle a pound of paper than a pound of plastic [source: reusablebags.com] Reducing paper helps save departments money and helps the environment - and it's the law! The Washington state legislature has directed all state agencies, including the University of Washington, to reduce paper consumption by 30% and to purchase 100% recycled paper for copiers and printers. See below for resources and best practices to help your workplace reduce the amount of paper used

In 2011 a research paper produced by the Northern Ireland Assembly said it takes more than four times as much energy to manufacture a paper bag as it does to manufacture a plastic bag Aluminum cans are 100% recyclable, which means we are wasting a lot of energy each year. The Environment. How much landfill space is saved by recycling one ton of paper? Recycling one ton, or 2,000 pounds of paper, could save landfill space measuring 3.3 cubic yards. That's 33 cubic yards for every 20,000 pounds of paper recycled

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1. Recycling Reduces Energy Consumption. Manufacturing items from virgin sources often uses more energy than simply recycling existing products. For instance, producing paper from recycled pulp is much less energy intensive than making paper from new wood Pulp and paper production is a major industry with a large environmental footprint. Recently, though, paper companies have worked to reduce pollution and promote sustainable forestry and recycling Recycling in the U.S. is broken. In 1960, Americans generated 2.68 pounds of garbage per day; by 2017, it had grown to an average of 4.51 pounds.And while many Americans dutifully put items into their recycling bins, much of it does not actually end up being recycled

The paper recycling process also uses 90% less water than making it from scratch. Reduces energy consumption. The recycling process of many items often uses less energy than starting the whole manufacturing process from virgin sources. For example the paper recycling process uses up to 50% less energy than making it from raw materials. Saves. The process of recycling paper requires energy and usually bleaching agents. Both bleach and energy production generally harm the environment. About 90% of paper comes from trees, the majority of which are not sustainably harvested. 3 By reducing our paper use we can reduce our support for this generally non-renewable industry

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The recycling process uses energy and chemicals (though less than making paper from trees), reports the BBC's Science Focus. The best solution is to reduce your paper consumption to start with Recycling one aluminum can saves enough energy to power a TV for three hours. CONVERSION: Use these conversion factors to estimate the number of pounds of commingled materials recycled: For single-family residents: The average weight of commingled materials in a full 22-gallon blue bin is 36 pounds Improving water reuse and recycling also reduced energy use and related greenhouse gas emissions and provided resource savings to the community. Share. Paper Recovery for Recycling Exceed 70 percent rate of paper recovery for recycling by 2020. In 2019, the U.S. paper recycling rate was 66.2 percent In 1993, U.S. paper recovery saved more than 90,000,000 cubic yards of landfill space Recycling just one aluminum can saves enough energy to run a television set for 3 hours! That can returns to the grocer's shelf in as little as 60 days after collection

Paper recycling - Wikipedi

Reduces Energy Consumption. Large amounts of energy are required to mine raw materials, process them and transport them around the world.So much of this energy can be saved if manufactured products like plastics, metals, or paper are properly segregated and recycled, the American Goescience Institute (AGI) explains.. The amount of energy saved depends on the material they clarify In 1993, a program known as the US Paper Recovery saved more than 90,000,000 cubic yards of landfill space by recovering paper and cardboard that had been thrown away by consumers. Recycling just one tonne of cardboard will save 46 gallons of oil, 4000kW of electricity, 6.6 million Btu's of energy, 9 cubic yards of landfill space, 17 trees.

For steel it's about a 70% energy saving. Making paper from pulped recycled paper uses 40% less energy than making it from virgin wood fibres. The amount of energy saved from recycling one glass bottle could power an old 100-watt light bulb for 4 hours and a new low-energy LED equivalent for a lot longer. 5. Cutting climate-changing carbon. Annual energy consumption × utility rate per kWh = annual cost to run appliance Following the steps above, find the annual cost to operate a paper shredder. 1. Estimate of time used: The shredder is used for about 15 minutes per day (0.25 hour). 2. Wattage: The wattage is not listed on the label, but the electrical current draw is listed. Sort all your rubbish so that the glass, tin cans, plastic and paper can be recycled; Think about what other things can be recycled at your local recycling centre, like batteries and ink cartridges; Use kitchen waste as compost on the garden. Click here to find out more about compost! As well as reducing waste, recycling helps save energy Enough energy is saved each year by recycling steel to supply Los Angeles with electricity for almost 10 years. The steel industry recycles nearly 19 billion steel cans into new products each year - about 600 cans recycled every second! Paper. Recycling one ton of paper saves 17 trees The recycling of plastics, aluminum, steel, glass and paper requires energy, but reduces the harvest of raw materials. Start a Campaign. Individual changes will help reduce the use of natural resources, but changes made by groups will have the greatest effect. Start talking about ways to conserve our natural resources and encourage family.

Paper Recycling - Natural Energy Hu

Paper (in particular newspaper) and glass have lower energy savings than the previous materials, with recycled products costing 45% and 21% less energy respectively. Recycled paper has a large market in China, although work still needs to be done to facilitate mixed paper recycling as opposed to newspaper-only recycling Recycling not only saves energy, it also preserves natural resources and reduces pollution. A ton of virgin paper requires about 20 trees, and Americans use, on average, 730 pounds of paper (about a third of a ton) per year. Virgin aluminum is made from bauxite, much of which is mined in ecologically fragile regions, such as Brazil's rainforests The climate benefits of reducing paper consumption are significant. If the U.S. cut its office paper use by just a mere 10 percent, or 490,000 metric tons, greenhouse gas emissions would fall by 1.45 million metric tons. This is the equivalent of taking 280,000 cars off the road for a year. (See the cool infographic at the end of this article. Pulp and paper mills produce up to 5,000 tons of paper per day to satisfy a national consumption rate of 700 pounds per American per year, double the consumption in 1960 1 (Blum et al., 1997). Paper and paperboard products are made from pulp

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What is Paper Recycling? - conserve-energy-future

The European objective of achieving a 20% share of renewable energy sources in energy consumption in 2020 means enlisting the support of manufacturers, including those within the paper sector. For every one tonne of 100% recycled paper* purchased instead of non-recycled we save 3,799 kWh electricity The ENERGY STAR® mark can help you identify energy-efficient products. Check the machine manufacturer's website for information on energy saving features in their products and switch these on. If you're buying new machines or your lease is up for review, use this as an opportunity to choose energy saving equipment or rethink what you need Recycling saves energy because the manufacturer doesn't have to produce something new from raw natural resources. By using recycled materials we save on energy consumption, which keeps. Reduce energy consumption by 30% at Kohl's facilities by 2025 versus 2008 baseline. Progress: 39% reduction in energy consumption since 2008 Note: Energy consumption during 2020 was significantly lower than a typical year since COVID-19 disruptions resulted in temporary building closures and reduced occupancy for much of the year Recycling 1 ton of paper saves 17 trees (35' tall), 2 barrels of oil (enough fuel to run the average car for 1260 miles or from Dallas to Los Angeles), 4100 kilowatts of energy (enough power for the average home for 6 months), 3.2 cubic yards of landfill space (one family size pick-up truck) and 60 pounds of air pollution

Paper recycling raises ghgs emissions by using fossil fuel

Recycling of paper is a cost-efficient way of conserving the environment and saving energy. Recycling of paper and paper-related products is very important for sustainable economic growth. Learn about the Process of Recycling Paper Along with its Advantages Here In the U.K., for example, our paper cups are sent to specialist recycling centers, where the plastic is removed and the fiber is used to make new products. Recycling Ocean Plastic Waste Since 2018, McDonald's Norway has been working in partnership with a small group that makes plastic pellets from the waste marine waste collected by fishermen. The experts then looked at the evidence for seven methods of disposal, including recycling, composting, incineration and landfill, measured by four different criteria: energy use, water use, other. Secondly, energy can be conserve by recycling of items such as plastics, paper, bottles and cardboard. Recycling helps extend the life and usefulness of something that has already served its initial purpose by producing something that is useable. For example, we can reuse plastic bags for shopping and storage. Recycling help the earth go green.

This new system could change how we recycle | WorldCut Your Electric Bill in Half!

Around 66% of energy can be saved by producing plastic products from recycled plastics instead of virgin materials. Between1,000 and 2,000 gallons of gasoline can be saved recycling just one ton of plastic. Every hour, Americans use approximately 2.5 million plastic bottles. And most of these are thrown away consumption • Recycling of wastes from consumption or production • Disposal of residual wastes Source: ADB, IGES, 2008 Stages in Product Life Cycle Resource efficiency refers to amount of resource (materials, energy, and water) consumed in producing a unit of product or services generation, proper use of groundwater, hydrologic effects on local surface and groundwater, economic costs, and more. A key concern is how much energy is required to produce and use bottled water. This paper estimates the energy footprint required for various phases of bottled water production, transportation, and use It also takes energy to mine it and to purify it, etc. So by recycling, you can save a lot of energy! -Tamara For aluminum, the purification requires a huge amount of electrical power, so this is the key stage at which recycling it saves energy. Mike W. (published on 10/22/2007 This may sound like a lot of energy consumption, but it pales in comparison to the energy needed to produce brand-new products. The same study found that making the same products from virgin materials would require 23.3 million BTU — over twice the amount of energy. The energy savings from recycling is especially noticeable with aluminum The paper industry is the industry with the third highest energy consumption in the European Union. Using recycled paper instead of fresh fibers for papermaking is less energy consuming and saves resources. However, adhesive contaminants in recycled paper are particularly problematic since they reduce the quality of the resulting paper-product

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